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Cover Letter Writing

How to write a cover letter
Top 10 cover letter writing tips
Cover letter template with guide
Recommended further reading

How to Write a CV Covering Letter

If you are sending your CV to a prospective employer by post or fax, it is essential that you send it with a covering letter. You need to create a good impression so that the employer or recruiter will want to read your CV. It will have more impact if it is individually written in response to a particular role or advertisement. Make sure you read our CV writing guide for further CV tips.

In the case of email applications it is acceptable to write a brief paragraph of a few sentences explaining where you heard about the role and why your qualifications and experience are a perfect fit for the job. You should ensure the tone of the text is formal as would be the case with a paper CV cover letter. It is a mistake to be too informal as this can be seen as unprofessional.

When making any sort of job application either Speculative, where you are sending your CV to an employer/agency with no specific vacancy in mind or, specific, where you are sending your CV in response to an advertisement for a particular role, the overall cover letter format is the same.

Here are the top ten tips to remember when writing a Covering letter

The covering letter should consist of 1 page on plain white A4 paper.

You should use a font that offers a clean and clear appearance. My advice is to use Arial.

Aim for a maximum of three paragraphs. Remember simple is best.

Use upbeat and positive language and avoid exaggerated statements.

Ensure there are no spelling, grammar, or punctuation mistakes.

Always use black ink.

Express yourself with confidence.

Where possible, write to a named individual.

Your cover letter should be tailored specifically for each application.

Be concise and to the point. Try to avoid repeating what's in your CV.

Cover letter template

Your contact details

This should include your name, address, telephone number and email address if you have one. Remember make it easy for the employer to contact you.

Employer/agency details

This should include whom the letter is going to, company name and full address. If you know the name of the person e.g. if it is mentioned in the advertisement then use it. If no particular name was mentioned use a department title e.g. Personnel manager or Managing director


You should use long date format in full e.g. 27th April 2010 and not 27/4/10

Salutation & Opening

If you know the name use it e.g. Dear Mr Smith. If you don’t know, use Dear Sir/Madam. It is preferable to use a name. The company’s web site is often a good place to search for the appropriate individual.

Letter title

Centre and bold the text. This will enable the addressee to know immediately that this is an application

Paragraph 1 – Why you are writing

You want to try & get the interest of the Employer. You should start the letter with the reason for writing and indicate the position that you are applying for along with how you heard of the vacancy. This is also a good place to tell then why you are interested in the position and convey a genuine interest in the company. The company website will be a good source of background information.

Paragraph 2 – What you can offer them

Here you describe briefly why you think you should be considered for the role. You should summarise relevant qualifications for the position along with your experience and skills. Also give a brief example of one or two jobs you have worked in that relate to the position. Try to make sure that it is not just a list of what is in your CV but is individualised to the job application.

Paragraph 3 – Summary and next step

Refer to your enclosed CV and also ask for the interview. You may at this point suggest that you will be making a follow up call. It is also important that you thank the reader for their time and consideration and tell them that you look forward to hearing from them.


Use “Yours sincerely” if you are sending the letter to a named person, otherwise use “Yours faithfully”. Add a few blank lines and finish with your name. The space between is used for your signature once printed.

Finally you may want to add your telephone number and email address beneath your name. Remember you want to make it easy for them to contact you.

Recommended further reading

The Cover Letter Book: Your Definitive Guide to Writing the Perfect Cover Letter

Ultimate Cover Letters: The Definitive Guide to Job Search Letters and Follow-up Strategies (Ultimate Series)

101 Best Cover Letters | You can download speculative, standard and e-mail cover letter templates, with examples, with every CV to complete your job-hunting tool kit.

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